Endosymbiosis is a relationship between two organisms, one of whom lives in a body of the other. Commonly known examples are protozoans and bacteria in the stomach of ruminants, helping them digest cellulose, or bacteria in roots of Fabaceae (such as beans or peas), helping them fix nitrogen. Endosymbiosis is also common between unicellular organisms: in such case, one cell lives in another cell of different species. One of the most important endosymbioses took place in ancient past and as a result, almost all eukaryote cells have mitochondria (“energetic factories of the cell”) and further more green organisms have chloroplasts, intercepting energy of the light and transforming it to the type of energy suitable an organism. A completely new example of endosymbiosis was found by a team of researchers from Universities of Ostrava, České Budějovice, California and Charles University. Faculty of Science of Charles University was represented by doc. RNDr. Jan Votýpka, Ph.D.
Published Jan 17, 2017