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BIOCEV zoologists have mapped the spread of rodents from Asia to Europe. Genetic traces from the Ice Age helped them.

BIOCEV zoologists have mapped the spread of rodents from Asia to Europe. Genetic traces from the Ice Age helped them.

An international team led by Pavel Stopka from the Faculty of Science, Charles University at the BIOCEV Center discovered and described the spread of small mammals from Asia to its adjacent islands, as well as to Europe. Gene sequencing of hundreds of samples from striped field mice (Apodemus agrarius) helped reveal this animal’s evolutionary history. A study now published in the prestigious scientific journal Genes can help predict the migration of other rodents in the context of deforestation in Europe.

Published May 05, 2021

Popular Science: Unstable east of the Czech Republic

In extreme or prolonged rainfall events, the soil is saturated with water and the cohesion of the material decreasing, consequently these processes can cause very dangerous material movements on a slope, sometimes also called "debris flows". We hear about these phenomena mainly from foreign countries, but is occurrence of debris flows possible in our region? Experts in geomorphology led by Jana Smolíková and together with Vít Vilímek from the Department of Physical Geography and Geoecology, Faculty of Science, Charles University and other colleagues answered this question.

Published Apr 19, 2021

BIOCEV: The course on Micro-/Nanofluidics

BIOCEV: The course on Micro-/Nanofluidics

We cordially invite you on the course on Micro-/Nanofluidics that will be held on-line on April 20th and April 27th, 2021 by prof. Jeroen Lammertyn, a top researcher in nanobiotechnology and full professor of Catholic University of Leuven.

Published Apr 12, 2021

Popular Science: Forest, tell me how high will the spring flood be?

Snow cover has a major impact on groundwater recharge and on the overall water balance in the river basin. However, the rapid melting of snow cover also causes spring floods. Ondřej Hotový together with Michal Jeníček from the Department of Physical Geography and Geoecology, Faculty of Science, Charles University, found out the influence of the condition of the forest in the river basin on the distribution and melting of snow cover.

Published Apr 12, 2021

Popular Science: Easy, quick and affordable – a new method of (not only) cancer diagnosis

Early diagnosis is crucial for successful treatment of virtually any disease. This is especially true with cancer. Cancer indicators in urine are usually detected one by one, which is very time consuming and expensive. How can diagnosis be made more efficient? One way is to detect several indicators at once by using methods that are less costly and faster. This has become the subject of interest for a research group led by Professor Jiří Barek from the Department of Analytical Chemistry of the Faculty of Science, Charles University.

Published Apr 05, 2021

Population Census 2021

Population Census 2021

During upcoming weeks there will be Population Census which is mandatory for expats and foreigners who stay in the Czech Republic for longer than 90 days. Between 27th March and 9th April questionnaires will be available online or via app in various language mutations and it is a recommended option. Those who will not fill the questionnaire online will have to fill in the paper version of the questionnaire between 17th April and 11th May.

Published Apr 02, 2021

Popular Science: Drought comes earlier

Hydrological fluctuations have been occurring in recent decades and they currently manifest primarily in significant and prolonged droughts. Changes in the hydrological cycle have a major impact on both water supply and the entire ecosystem. Vojtěch Vlach and Milada Matoušková from the Department of Physical Geography and Geoecology, Faculty of Science, Charles University together with Ondřej Ledvinka from the Czech Hydrometeorological Institute know well about the severity of the hydrological situation. Therefore, they explored in detail what has happened in terms of hydrological change in the areas of Czech mountains in recent decades.

Published Mar 29, 2021

Warning against fraudulent e-mails misusing the name of CU

Warning against fraudulent e-mails misusing the name of CU

Charles University urgently warns against fraudulent e-mails that were sent on the night of 25 March 2021. These e-mails contain a false request for a price quote and misuse the name of CU and its e-mail addresses, both fictional and real. This is a scam. These e-mails have nothing to do with Charles University.

Published Mar 26, 2021

Popular Science: The southern giant is heading north

Popular Science: The southern giant is heading north

Climate change affects the life on Earth significantly. Plants and animals try to adapt to these changes and often migrate to areas with more favourable natural conditions. Researchers from prestigious universities led by Gideon L. van den Berg from the University of Pretoria in South Africa joined forces with zoology experts including Pavel Hulva and Petra Nevečeřalová from the Faculty of Science, Charles University and brought interesting yet also worrying results in a research focused on one of the largest mammals on the planet, the southern right whale.

Published Mar 23, 2021

Popular Science: One more piece to the coronavirus puzzle?

Popular Science: One more piece to the coronavirus puzzle?

Dozens of millions of infected people all over the world, nearly two and a half million deaths, and normal life on hold… all because one virus, which obviously is the new coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 causing the disease known as covid-19. In addition to the development of vaccines and drugs, the characterisation of individual parts of the virus particles is another very important part of research. This part of research was of interest to the team led by Václav Veverka and Evžen Bouřa from the Institute of Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry of the Czech Academy of Sciences (IOCB CAS) and the Faculty of Sciences of Charles University. They published an article with the main authors being Dhurvas Chandrasekaran Dinesh and Dominika Chalupská from IOCB CAS.

Published Mar 15, 2021

Stanislav Komárek’s Ukrainian Odyssey

Stanislav Komárek’s Ukrainian Odyssey

Winning the “Book of the Year” award in one of Europe’s largest countries is without a doubt a huge success, and not just for the author but also for Czech culture at large. When something like that happens again, it means that the country is, in a sense, obsessed with the author. This is exactly what is currently happening with Stanislav Komárek, an original scientist, essayist and writer and the Ukraine. Following “Man as an Evolutionary Innovation?”, his book “Europe at the Crossroads” has won the Book of the Year Award in the Sofiya category (Philosophy, Anthropology, Psychology). This was a good reason to speak to the author in person. That is, as much ‘in person’ as the present times allow.

Published Mar 09, 2021

Zentiva announces the winners of The Parc Awards

Zentiva announces the winners of The Parc Awards

The Centre for Applied Pharmaceutical Research (The Parc) is celebrating numerous successes again, summarizing its 2020 achievements and recognizing the participants with The Parc Awards for the third time. Initiated by Zentiva, The Parc was created in association with three academic partners: the University of Chemistry and Technology Prague; the Faculty of Science of Charles University; and the Institute of Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry of the Czech Academy of Sciences.

Published Mar 05, 2021

Popular Science: One bear, please! or Bear trade in the Czech Republic

Popular Science: One bear, please! or Bear trade in the Czech Republic

No, it is not a mistake and it should not be beer, the Czech favourite alcoholic drink. It should not even be a teddy bear. Even though it may surprise you, in the Czech Republic, there exists quite a high demand for various bear species and/or their body parts originating from abroad. The details of the current il-/legal trade have been summarised in a study led by Chris R. Shepherd and co-authored by three members of the Institute of Environmental Studies of the Faculty of Science of the Charles University – Jitka Kufnerová, Tomáš Cajthaml and Jaroslava Frouzová.

Published Feb 22, 2021

(Almost) everyone will grow up eventually

(Almost) everyone will grow up eventually

Until recently, both laypeople and scientists believed that reptilians differed from other vertebrates (among other specificities) with one unique trait – the possibility of lifelong body growth. New research conducted by a team of Czech scientists led by experts from the Department of Zoology of Charles University’s Faculty of Science has shown that while this notion is not quite unfounded, it does not apply to all reptilian species by far. The scientists arrived at the ground-breaking finding using an original method that does not require many years of laborious measurements. The study was recently published in the Proceedings of the Royal Society B.

Published Feb 19, 2021

Online Intensive German Language Courses for 4EU+ Students

Online Intensive German Language Courses for 4EU+ Students

In March 2021, Heidelberg University offers free Online Intensive German Language courses to 50 students and doctoral candidates from its five 4EU+ partner universities. The courses are organized by the International Study Centre of Heidelberg University and include 4 weeks (80 hours) of language instruction i.e. 4 hours per day. Deadline for registration: 15 February 2021.

Published Feb 10, 2021

Popular Science: The Ordovician struggle for a solid base in a sea of soft sediment: focused on the conulariids of the Prague Basin

Popular Science: The Ordovician struggle for a solid base in a sea of soft sediment: focused on the conulariids of the Prague Basin

For a large part of sessile animals, whether current or long-extinct, a hard base is a prerequisite for a full-fledged life. In ancient times, there was a bitter struggle for space to attach to on the seabed. Jana Bruthansová from the Department of Geology and Palaeontology, Faculty of Science, Charles University, has published an article in the prestigious journal Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology about sessile organisms on conulariids.

Published Feb 09, 2021

Popular Science: A friend in the attic, an enemy on the ground floor – ozone: the challenge of man’s future?

Stratospheric ozone – the ozone layer – is crucial for life on Earth. However, its occurrence in the troposphere, especially the ground-level ozone, has a highly adverse impact. Fundamentally, ambient ozone has harmful effects on human health, vegetation and entire ecosystems. Nowadays, it along with aerosol and benzo[a]pyrene are among the most serious pollutants for ambient air quality in the Czech Republic and in Europe. This is why Iva Hůnová from the Institute for Environmental Studies together with her team focused on detailed research into the occurrence of ambient ozone throughout the Czech Republic from a long-term perspective and in the context of seasonality.

Published Feb 01, 2021

Popular Science: Is an old killifish reproductively more proficient than a young one?

Asking a similar question in humans would seem a nonsense, as everybody can imagine that the reproductive performance of an old man or woman is lower than when they were young. But the situation is different in organisms that still grow after reaching maturity, like fish for example. There, the evolutionary theory of aging predicts an increase of reproductive fitness with age. What is then, however, the situation in fish that live only for a short period, such as killifish? This is the question addressed by a two-person Czech team that included Jakub Žák from the Department of Zoology of our faculty.

Published Jan 18, 2021

Popular Science: How do women react when confronted with the threat of infidelity, and does this correlate with the quality of their relationships?

That is the question that Jitka Lindová, Kateřina Klapilová, Adéla Vobořilová and Barbora Chlápková from the Faculty of Humanities and the National institute of mental health (NUDZ) and Jan Havlíček from our Faculty attempted to answer in their study.

Published Jan 11, 2021

PhD STARS program 2021 is open for applications

PhD STARS program 2021 is open for applications

Faculty of Science of the Charles University in Prague has launched its program supporting talented PhD research students from all over the world. During the STARS 2021 call, prospective students can apply to PhD research topics announced on the web page on January 11th, 2021. Deadline for application is March 13th, 2021.

Published Jan 11, 2021