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Department of Ecology deals with ecology in its original sense as defined by Ernst Haeckel in 1866, and how it’s defined – although with emphasis on various aspects – by his successors and how ecology is perceived by present-day science:

“Ecology is a science that deals with relationships among organisms and environments they inhabit”.

Department of Ecology does not deal with ecology in a sense presented by media worldwide, which uses labels “ecology” and “ecological” when dealing with environmental protection, nature conservation, sustainable development, and similar issues (i.e., environmentalism). Such approach often implies a priori subjective evaluations (good vs. bad), often without expert debate. Within the Faculty of Science, environmental science is the focus of the Institute for Environmental Studies.




Ecology is an integrated discipline that studies relationships among individuals, populations and communities and it is independent on systematic classification of study subjects. Department of Ecology offers students wide ecological background across both terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. At the same time, integration of terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems allows emphasizing, both in teaching and research, wider theoretical scope of ecology and its applications.



 Department further guarantees the study of ecology in both master and doctoral programs, and also conducts research at all three elementary levels of ecological studies: 1) individuals and populations, 2) communities, and 3) ecosystems.



In general, departmental activities can be summarized as follows:

  • teaching of basic ecological subjects for biology students at the bachelor level

  • lecturing in the Master program of Ecology, including supervising of Master theses

  • training in the PhD program of Ecology

  • research focusing on functional and evolutionary ecology of model organisms of various taxonomical and ecological groups (water fleas, birds, geckos, fish, cryophilic algae, invasive vascular plants, agricultural pests etc.), and also on studies of biogeographical and ecological determinants of species richness

  • vast international scientific collaboration, mainly with EU and US partners.



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